Afghanistan FlagAfghanistan

Drop by Drop, a River is Made.

 

General


Population: 31,822,848 (2014) 31,108,077 (2013)
Land Area: 647,500 sq km
Natural Resources: Natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barite, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stone
Capital: Kabul
Political System: Islamic Republic
State Leader: Hamid Karzai (December 7th 2004)
Official Languages: Dari, Pashto, Uzbek, Turkmen, Balochi, Pashai
Currency: Afghani (AFA)
Major Religions: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim 19%, other 1%
Major Ethnicities: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
Life Expectancy: 50.49 years (2014) 50.11 years (2013)

Economy


GDP Official Exchange Rate: 20.65 billion (2013), 19.85 billion (2012)
GDP Purchasing Power Parity: 45.3 billion (2013), 33.55 billion (2012)
GDP Per Capita (PPP): 1,100 (2013), 1,000 (2010)
GDP Growth Rate: 3.1% (2013), 11% (2012)
GDP Structure: Agriculture 20%, Industry 25.6%, Services 54.4% (2011)
Labour Force By Occupation: Agriculture 78.6%, Industry 5.7%, Services 15.7% (2008)
Industries: Small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement, handwoven carpets, natural gas, coal, copper
Agriculture Products: Opium, wheat, fruits, nuts, wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins
Human Development Index: 0.468 (169th)(2014), 0.374 (175th)(2013)
Tourism Revenue: 1 million (1998)
Unemployment Rate: 35% (2008)

Military Map of Afghanistan


Army Size: 27 000 (2004)
Budget: 1.9% of GDP (2006)

Current Situation

 

Afghanistan is located in Central Asia, Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China. Afghanistan is currently in reconstruction, following the US lead invasion in 2001 to overthrow the Taliban regime. Nato troops are deployed in Afghanistan with the support of the United Nations under the designation of ISAF (International Security Assistance Force). Multi-million dollar investments are being spent on the reconstruction of the country, but the war against the Taliban is still ongoing. The future looks dim for Afghanistan as Western powers are nearing the end dates of their missions there, and public opinion is mostly against a redeployment, the situation will have to improve quickly or Afghanistan will have to consider other options, including making peace with the Taliban. (2014) Following the 2014 Afghanistan Presidential elections where the runner-up Abdullah Abdullah is contesting the results, Afghanistan could be in for a civil war if Mr. Abdullah decides to act on his threat of creating his own rival government. The world will be watching how this situation plays out in the next few months.

Thoughts & Comments

 

Sources

CIA World Factbook: Afghanistan
The Economist: The World In 2010
Wikipedia: Afghanistan
http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/AFG.html

Updated on: July 19th, 2014