Louis I of AnjouLouis I of Anjou

Life: 1339-1384
Birth Place: Vincennes, France
Historical Role: Noble, Regent
Titles: Duke of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Touraine, Count of Provence, Count of Forcalquier
Primary countries affected: France, Italy Secondary countries affected: United Kingdom
Events: Hundred Years War (1337-1453), Battle of Poitiers (1356)


Louis of Anjou was the son of King John II of France. He was present at the Battle of Poitiers and with his brother Charles V, retreated and avoided capture. According to the Treaty of Bretigny in 1360, King John II was allowed to return to France by the English, in exchange for some high-profile French hostages, Louis was part of this list and he was sent to England. After the 6 month period was over, John II was still unable to pay and Louis was kept prisoner longer than expected, finally he decided to escape. When Louis returned to France, John II was disappointed because of his son's unknightly behavior. John II returned himself to the English and died soon after in custody.

After Charles V death, Louis along with his brothers became regent to the new King Charles VI. But Louis left France to try and claim the throne of Naples. Because he had been adopted by Queen Joan I of Naples he was the rightful heir, but he was opposed by her cousin Charles of Durazzo. Louis was crowned by the Antipope, and he raised an army to capture his new kingdom. He went to Naples with 40,000 troops, Charles had 14,000 mercenaries and opted for guerrilla tactics. This slowed down Louis, but eventually his French contingent made gains, but Louis died suddenly in 1384 and the expedition was cancelled.

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