Philip II the Bold of BurgundyPhilip II the Bold of Burgundy

Life: 1342-1404
Birth Place: Pontoise, France
Historical Role: Noble, Regent
Titles: Duke of Touraine (forfeited), Duke of Burgundy, Count of Flanders, Count of Artois, Count Palatine of Burgundy
Primary countries affected: France, Belgium
Secondary countries affected: United Kingdom
Events: Hundred Years War (1337-1453), Battle of Poitiers (1356)


Philip the Bold was Duke of Burgundy and played a leading role as regent to his nephew King Charles VI of France. Philip the Bold is the son of John II of France. He was with his father at the battle of Poitiers, even though he was just 14 years old. Philip was Duke of Touraine, but later traded this title for Duke of Burgundy. He then married Margaret of Dampierre, and from her acquired the titles Count of Flanders, Count of Artois, Count Palatine of Burgundy. Philip was active in helping his father in law quell rebellions in his future realms.

Philip was active in France, after the death of his brother Charles V, along with his brothers he became regent to King Charles VI of France. But in 1388 the King came of age and chose his advisors over his uncles. In 1392, after a psychotic episode by the King where he killed several of his followers, Philip assumed regency again and kept power until 1402. But the King's brother Duke Louis of Orleans would always be resentful towards Philip, because he wanted to be regent. They quarrelled over the subject, but Louis' extravagant life style, showed his irresponsibility to the citizens of Paris, and Philip was thus more popular among the people. But Charles VI in 1402 confirmed Louis as his regent, however Louis' irresponsibility in 1404 soon put Philip back in control, but Philip died later that year.

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