Enver PashaEnver Pasha

Life: 1881-1922
Birth Place: Constantinople, Turkey
Historical Role: General, Statesman
Titles: General, Minister of War
Primary countries affected: Turkey
Secondary countries affected: Armenia, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Italy, Libya, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Uzbekistan
Events: Italo-Turkish War, First Balkan War, Second Balkan War, First World War


Enver Pasha was born in Constantinople, in what was the Ottoman Empire, present day Turkey, in 1881. He studied at the military academy in Constantinople, he was involved in the Young Turks movement. He served in the Italo-Turkish war that lasted from 1911 to 1912, the First Balkan War and also in the second Balkan War.

At the start of the First World War, he was the Ottoman Empire's Minister of War. He chose to personally lead an army in the field, his main objective was the capture of the Caucasus region from Russia, he tied up significant Ottoman resources in this endeavour with no clear gains, to such a point where he neglected other parts of the front and left his German allies on their own on several occasions. After the Ottoman defeat and the downfall of the Young Turks party from power, Enver Pasha fled the country into exile. He went to Russia and became involved in the turmoil there, he was eventually killed in 1922 by Soviet soldiers.

Thoughts & Comments




Tucker, S (1996). The European Powers in the First World War. New York: Garland Publishing Inc. p.241.